is similar to
Texas Hold'em with a few important differences. In Omaha
there are still 5 community cards as in Texas Hold’em, each player is
dealt 4 hole cards instead of 2. Unlike Texas Hold’em, Omaha
only allows players to make their final 5-card hand, by using 2 of
their 4 hole cards, and only 3 of the community cards. The final 5-card
hand of each player left in the game must consist of 2 of their 4 hole
cards, and 3 of the 5 community cards. Other than this difference,
Omaha is played using the same method as Texas Hold 'em.
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Number of Players 2-10
Terminology and Facts:
Dealer Button: ("Button","Buck","Puck")
A device used in online poker rooms to mark the
dealer among the players for each hand. The dealer button is a small
disk marked with the letter "D". The dealer button is essential to the
players so they know who is dealing, and because two players to the
left of the dealer must post the two blinds in the game. Upon
completion of each hand, the dealer button moves to the left.
In games with blinds, there are two - the small blind (half of the
minimum level bet) and the big blind (the full minimum bet). The small
blind is posted by the player closest to the dealers left, and the big
blind is posted by the second player to the left of the dealer. The
blinds make it so that there is money in the pot before the game
begins. The betting can begin and players are encouraged to take part
in the hand. Therefore no one will walk away empty-handed should the
hand end quickly.
The size of the blinds is determined by the table stakes. At a $2/$4
table, and the small blind is half the minimum bet, the small blind
will be $1, and the big blind will be the full minimum bet of $2.
Omaha Poker Betting Structure:
The betting structure is the same for every table. The only change is
the amount of money involved, which will correspond to the Table
Stakes, and we will use the $2/$4 table example:
Small/Big Blinds: $1/$2
1st Round: $2 2nd Round: $2 3rd Round: $4 Final Round: $4 Note: For
each round of betting, there is a limit of 1 bet and 3 raises.
Therefore, in the $2/$4 example, betting would be restricted to a total
of $8 in rounds 1 and 2, and $16 in rounds 3 and 4.
Hole cards are those dealt to each player and are face down, so that
only the player can see these cards.
The first three community cards issued by the dealer, face up.
The fourth community card that is dealt face up face up.
The fifth and final community card to be dealt face up.
Omaha Poker In Action:
Round One: A dealer is selected, blinds are posted,
the game begins with dealing each player 4 hole cards clockwise, and
the first round of betting starts.
Players must carefully consider their hole cards and determine the
potential of their hole cards. Betting begins with the player to the
left of the big blind player, clockwise around the table.
In this round each player, except the player who posted the big blind,
may either choose to fold (quit the game), call (meet the bet) or
raise, increasing the big blind to a full bet. If players still left in
the round choose to only call the big blind, then the player who
originally posted the big blind is the only player who has the option
to check (stay in the game without calling or raising) their own blind.
Players bet using the smaller level of the stakes at the table.
2 - The Flop:
The dealer deals the first three community cards face up on the middle
of the table. Players can use these 3 communal cards in combination
with their 4 hole cards to determine their hand possibilities.
Round 2 Betting:
Betting begins with the first player to the dealers left and continues
clockwise round the table. Betting follows the same structure as the
first round, with players able to fold, call, and raise. The first
player to place a bet may check, and if no other raises are made, the
other players may also check. Like the first round, players wager using
the smaller level of table stakes.
Round 3 - The
The dealer deals the fourth community. The players left in the game now
have 6 cards to work with.
Round 3 Betting:
The third betting round is the same as the second betting round, except
players must bet using the higher level of table stakes.
4 - The River:
The fifth and final community card is dealt. Players now have all 9
cards to play, but must make the best possible 5-card hand out of only
3 community cards and 2 of hole cards.
Round 4 The Final Bet:
Betting commences as it did in the last round, with the higher level of
stakes at the table.
Omaha Poker Showdown:
Each player left shows their cards, beginning with the last player to
bet and continuing in that pattern. During the showdown players may
also choose to “muck” (fold out of the game, without showing their
cards) their hand. The winner takes the pot.
If in the event, a player wins by default, where all other players in
the hand folded, no showdown will occur, and the winner has the option
to show their cards or not. Most players choose not to show their
winning hand, because it keeps the other opponents guessing what the
great hand was.
Helpful Hints for Omaha
Although there are many strategies that you can
learn when playing Omaha Poker, the following are a few helpful, basic
tips you can apply to your game:
1. If 8-10 players are playing at a table, it is
likely that one of the players has the best possible hand. If you only
have a good hand, think carefully about your options.
2. If your starting hand is comprised of high pairs
or consecutive high ranking cards of the same suit, you have the best
3. After the flop is when you need
to realize the full value of your hand, it is also where betting really
Backbone is required to play Omaha Poker, so if you
aren’t sure of your hand, don't bet, and if you are confident then get in the game.
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